Division of Special Revenue
At a Glance
PAUL A. YOUNG, Executive Director
Established – 1971
Statutory authority – Chapters 54, 98, 226, 226b, 226c and 229a
Central office – 555 Russell Road
Newington, Connecticut 06111
Number of approved authorized employees –142
Recurring operating expenditures - $10,648,130
Capital outlay - $22,135
Organizational structure – Executive Administration: Three major program areas: Legalized Gambling Regulation; Charitable Games Regulation; Management Services.
The mission of the Division of Special Revenue is to ensure the highest degree of integrity in the conduct of all forms of legalized gaming within the State of Connecticut and the federally recognized Tribal Nations within the State. We accomplish our mission by licensing or permitting all individuals and entities that are involved with legalized gambling and by monitoring and educating to ensure compliance with the gaming laws and the Tribal-State agreements. We ensure public confidence in the honesty and fairness of all facets of gambling for the highest quality benefit to the State.
The Division of Special Revenue is the Connecticut State Agency responsible for regulating legal gaming. Established as the Commission on Special Revenue, pursuant to Public Act 865 of the 1971 session of the General Assembly, the Agency became the Division of Special Revenue following executive reorganization effective July 1, 1979. Since its inception, the Agency has provided the operational and regulatory framework for each form of authorized gaming and has acted so as to ensure the highest levels of integrity for the activities that have returned $675,087,130 to the State during fiscal year 2008-2009.
Headed by an Executive Director, appointed by the governor, the Division works cooperatively with the five-member State Gaming Policy Board, also appointed by the Governor, to implement and administer the statutory provisions governing legal gaming, contained in Chapters 98, 226, 226b, 226c and 229a of the Connecticut General Statutes.
Current activities subject to Division oversight include the games of the Connecticut Lottery operated by the quasi-public Connecticut Lottery Corporation, and the statewide off-track betting operated by Autotote Enterprises. In addition, the charitable gaming activities of bingo, sealed ticket sales, bazaars, and raffles, conducted by nonprofit organizations, are subject to registration, permit, and regulatory requirements of the Division.
Pursuant to Tribal-State agreements, the Division also licenses the gaming related workers and registers the gaming service enterprises of the Foxwoods Resort Casino, in Mashantucket, operated by the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe, and the Mohegan Sun, in Montville, operated by the Mohegan Tribe. The Division also participates in oversight of the Tribal slot and/or video facsimile machine activity.
Pursuant to the provisions of Chapters 54, 98, 226, 226b, 226c, and 229a of the Connecticut General Statutes, the Division of Special Revenue regulates the State’s legalized gaming activities, ensuring compliance with current statutes and regulations, assures gaming integrity, and licenses individuals and entities involved in legalized gambling. The Division affords all individuals and entities entitled to a compliance meeting or hearing due process through a fair and objective forum. All parties are provided the opportunity to present evidence and testimony addressing statutory and regulatory violations, to determine suitability of applicants, licensees, permittees, and patrons, resulting in a fair and reasonable determination of the matter.
The Division of Special Revenue, operating under a plan approved by the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer. The Division did not knowingly do business with any bidder, contractor, sub-contractor, supplier of materials, or licensee who discriminates against members of any class protected under C.G.S. Sec. 4a-60.
Under the provisions of Connecticut General Statutes Sec. 12-557(c), the Gaming Policy Board works in cooperation with the Division of Special Revenue to implement and administer the statutory and regulatory provisions governing legalized gambling. Although the Board and the Division work cooperatively on many matters, the Board has certain statutory authority beyond the scope of the Division. In general, the Division oversees day-to-day activities in regulation, licensing, and integrity assurance matters related to gaming, and the Board addresses issues of longer-range policy development.
Members of the Gaming Policy Board during the 2008-2009 fiscal years were: William F. Farrell of Madison, Chairman; Richard Antonetti of Watertown; Paul F. Pendergast of Bloomfield; Gayle A. Russell of Vernon; Edward F. Osswalt of Rocky Hill.
The Gaming Policy Board held seven meetings in fiscal year 2008-2009. Significant actions taken include the following:
Resolved, That Autotote Enterprises, Inc.’s request of a new OTB facility at 89 Roses Mill Road in Milford, CT., that includes Sunday wagering, is granted.
Resolved, That in the matter of Benn & Ellen LLC the Executive Director’s decision be sustained and affirmed by the Board.
Resolved, That Autotote Enterprises, Inc.’s request to relocate Torrington simulcast OTB facility from 1703B East Main Street to 131 Water Street, Torrington is approved.
Resolved, That the Division’s decision in the matter of Damion Duhaney be affirmed.
Resolved, That Autotote Enterprises, Inc.’s request to establish a non-simulcast OTB facility located at J.D. Coopers Restaurant at 146 Park Road in Putnam, CT be granted conditioned with receipt of approval from the Division’s Executive Director.
Resolved, That the proposed Administrative Regulations Governing Amusement And Recreation Bingo For Parent Teacher Associations be approved.
Resolved, That the appeal of Cesar Guzman be denied and that the decision of the Division of Special Revenue be sustained.
The Division of Special Revenue regulates Connecticut’s authorized forms of gambling, Tribal Casino gambling, pari-mutuel wagering, State Lottery ticket sales, and Charitable Games.
The Division of Special Revenue licenses, registers, or permits individuals, organizations, and vendors to be employed by, or contracted with gaming licensees or permittees within the State, and those businesses authorized to sell Lottery tickets. The Division assures that only suitable individuals work within the gaming industry in Connecticut. Each and every person working in any capacity involving gambling is licensed by the Division. This also applies to corporations, businesses and other entities involved in the industry. There are approximately 19,000 active licenses currently in Connecticut’s gaming industry. Upon initial application, license applicants are investigated for criminal and financial history, and again upon each renewal. The licensing process includes security background checks coordinated by the Division and conducted by internal Division staff, State Police personnel, and Federal law enforcement agencies.
The Division provides due process and an opportunity to be heard to those individuals or entities denied initial licensure, whose current license is in the process of being revoked, or who have regulatory issues, pursuant to the Uniform Administrative Procedures Act.
Ensuring compliance with law:
The Division ensures compliance with statutes, regulations, and procedures. In general, this is accomplished by maintaining on-site coverage to ensure statutory compliance, to be available and responsive to patron inquiries, and by research and investigative work. On-site coverage with permanent staff is maintained at the tribal casinos, Sports Haven and the Windsor Locks Off-Track Betting (OTB) facilities. Field staff visits lottery agents and licensees and Charitable Games permittees as well as other OTB facilities on an unannounced, random basis. The Division is a law enforcement agency, and does have staff members with police powers.
Ensuring the integrity of games (fair chance to win):
The Division tests wagering systems and related equipment to ensure the integrity of the games. The functional foundation that allows legalized gambling to exist and flourish is integrity assurance. The Connecticut public must not be exposed to gaming without a reasonable assurance that the games are operated fairly, and that every patron has a fair chance to win. The public’s interest is served only when gaming is conducted in an honest fashion. The Division conducts both field investigations and central office investigations, and monitors operations to assure that all gambling activities are consistently conducted in a fair and honest manner, and to detect and prevent any type of fraudulent activity in gaming.
The Division conducts annual independent audits to ensure operations are compliant with statutory and regulatory requirements. In addition, the Division collects pari-mutuel and regulation fees, and pays grants to municipalities.
Conducted 12,900 visits to lottery agents to insure compliance with the regulations and to insure that they know how to obtain certain reports off the system.
A total of 702 pre-event, instructional and customer service meetings were conducted by the in-house and field staffs of the Charitable Games Unit to educate non profit permittees with statutory and regulatory requirements applicable to their permitted activities, and to assist the permittees in addressing regulatory concerns.
The Division of Special Revenue supports treatment and rehabilitation for chronic gamblers through its public awareness activities, pursuant to Section 12-563(a) of the Connecticut General Statutes, which provides that the Division shall inform the public of the availability of treatment programs for chronic gamblers. The Division also insures that funding for such programs is available, pursuant to Section 17a-713(b) of the Connecticut General Statutes.
The Division is an active member of the Connecticut Committee for Problem Gambling Awareness. The committee prepares and distributes informational materials designed to inform the public of the programs available for the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of compulsive gamblers.
The Division’s security services worked in fiscal year 2008-2009 to ensure public trust and confidence by:
- Conducting background investigations of licensees and vendors of the gaming industry.
- Reporting gambling infractions and, whenever warranted, prosecuting to the fullest extent of the law.
- Conducting lottery agent inspections to assure each agent is in compliance with regulations that enhance public confidence and trust in the sale of tickets.
- Conducting OTB facility inspections, which help develop information and intelligence regarding any possible statutory regulation or violation that could impact public trust.
- Assisting in determining if a public safety emergency is imminent in any locale where lottery tickets are sold during large jackpot incidents, especially for Powerball.
- Providing for the enforcement of statutes and regulations as they relate to legalized gaming, specifically those designated to sworn officers of the agency.
- Provide oversight of Lottery Drawings.
- Facilitated the passage of a new statute during the 2009 legislative session: An Act Authorizing Prizes for Blower Ball Games – H.B. 6287.
- Submitted new regulations for Parent Teacher Associations Conducting Bingo.
- Completed the statewide Study on the Effects of Legalized Gambling on the Citizens of the State of Connecticut.
- Delivered the Study on the Effects of Legalized Gambling on the Citizens of the State of Connecticut both on time and on budget to the Legislators.
- Began discussion with the State of Maryland on the possible creation of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between our two states on sharing information on entities we license.
- Entered into negotiations with the two Native American Tribes on an out-of-court resolution to the disputed slot revenue.
- Participated in various statewide television, radio and newspaper interviews concerning the Study on Legalized Gambling on the Citizens of the State of Connecticut.
- Participated in various statewide initiatives for energy reduction efforts, mileage reduction and gas-saving ideas.
- Participated in the statewide hiring freeze.
- Participated in various statewide bans on spending money for non-essential items.
- Participated in the out-of-state travel ban.
- Continued discussion with New Jersey regulators on sharing of information.
- Implemented an open source web based trouble ticket system, giving us the ability to track trouble tickets from any web browser.
- Upgraded to Microsoft Office 2007 from Office 2000.
- Upgraded to Adobe 9.0.
- Implemented off-site automatic back-up to our disaster recovery site at Alumni Road.
- Implemented a new remote application to aid the efficiency of the Charitable Games Liaison Officers.
- Accounted for approximately $7.6 million in pari-mutuel taxes transferred to the General Fund and host municipalities.
- Accounted for approximately $1.1 million in charitable gaming revenue transferred to the General Fund.
- Performed monthly audits to ensure the tribal casinos transferred the correct amount of slot revenue to the General Fund (approximately $377.8 million).
- Completed approximately 13 tests and reviews of hardware and software modifications to the on-line wagering systems.
- Completed approximately 24 monthly slot revenue audits and on a sample basis, verified in excess of $7.46 billion in hopper fill, jackpot payout and slot ticket deductions.
- Completed approximately 199 reviews of internal control revisions from two tribal nation casinos.
- Completed approximately 393 reviews of various types of license applications’ financial information.
- Reviewed and approved 126 OTB contracts with gaming entities for racing/gaming events.
- Reviewed and approved 40 preliminary working papers and 42 executed working papers for instant games.
- The Division advised Foxwoods casino that their promotion referred to as “Free Play” was a violation of the Memorandum of Understanding. Foxwoods Casino had initiated a promotional give-away which initially involved Foxwoods mailing a coupon representing a dollar value to patrons in their Wampum Rewards program. The “Free Play” coupons were exchanged at the casino for a voucher that could be used to play slot machines. Foxwoods did not include the value of the coupons in the slot drop however; they did deduct all prizes paid as a result of the promotional play from slot revenue, effectively reducing the State’s share of the slot win. This promotion later developed an electronic download of promotional credits handled electronically the same way as the mailing of coupons. Mohegan Sun also developed a similar electronic promotion called e-Bonus and agreed to be bound by the decision rendered in the Foxwoods case. The Division, Foxwoods, and Mohegan Sun are currently in litigation over the accounting of these promotions.
- Reviewed 1,219 Bazaar and Raffle Statements
- Reviewed 8,527 Ten Day bingo report returns.
- Accounted for:
o $74,315 in registration/permit fees
o $260,658 in Bingo regulation fees
o $815,644 in Sealed Ticket sales receipts.
o $1,063,435 in transfers to General Fund from Charitable Games
o $13,879 in payments to municipalities from Charitable Games
o $4,195,243 in transfers to General Fund from pari-mutuels
o $3,387,699 in payments to municipalities from off-track betting and pari-mutuels
o $1,011 in sheet ticket receipts
- Public Act No. 09-34 ‘An Act Authorizing Cash Prizes For Blower Ball Games’ enables sponsoring organizations permitted to conduct a bazaar and authorized to operate Blower Ball games to award cash prizes up to $50.00 each in connection with the playing of such games.
- Public Act No. 09-132 ‘An Act Concerning Additional Off-Track Betting Branch Facilities’ increases the number of off-track betting (OTB) facilities that may operate as simulcasting facilities from 10-12, and requires one to be in Milford and the other in Putnam.
Information as Required by State Statute
- Followed procedures approved by the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities to prevent discrimination and to provide for equal opportunity in employment, contracting and service provision, in compliance with C.G.S. Sec. 46a-78.
- Provided information on Division receipts, disbursements, and administrative costs in compliance with C.G.S. Sec. 12-564(a).
Regulatory Facts for the Division of Special Revenue
Fiscal Year 2008-2009
Fines collected for violations (all gaming combined) $7,450
Fines collected for violations $1,600
Charitable Games Inspections (Total) 1,466
Sealed Tickets 641
Charitable Games Audits (Total) 67
Sealed Tickets 65
Charitable Games Registrations & Permits (Total) 3,217
Personal Identification Numbers (Bingo) 808
Raffle Permits 983
Individual Sales Permits (Sealed Ticket) 490
Bingo Permits 285
Sealed Ticket Permits 288
Bazaar Permits 253
Bingo Registrations 10
Amusement & Recreation Bingo Registrations (PTA/PTO) 81
Amusement & Recreation Bingo Registrations (Senior Citizens) 5
Bazaar and Raffle Equipment Dealers Registrations 2
Bingo Product Equipment Dealer Registration 8
Sealed Ticket Dispensing Machine Equipment Dealer Registrations 4
Investigations Opened 105
Investigations Closed 88
Criminal History Checks through June 30, 2009
New Applications 780 Mohegan Sun – New applicants 1,648
Renewals 8,220 Renewals 7,193
Parimutuel Foxwoods -- New applicants 1,115
New applications 154 Renewals 7,530
PIN Bingo 808
Sealed Tickets 490
Provide oversight for 1,222 lottery drawings.
Administrative Hearing Presentations: 95
Number of Instant Lottery Games, subject to Special Revenue approval, transferred to the
State Police Forensic Laboratory for testing: 45
Licenses issued (Total) 3,550
Lottery – New 257
Lottery – Renewals 2,655
Temporary licenses issued 1,012
Permanent licenses issued 1,144
Active licenses as of 6/30/2009 7,525
Mohegan Sun Casino
Temporary licenses issued 1,612
Permanent licenses issued 1,349
Active licenses as of 6/30/2009 7,113
Administrative Hearings (Total) 194
Charitable Games 16
Patron Reinstatement 12
Gaming Policy Board Appeals 5
Summary Information for the Division of Special Revenue Fiscal Year 2008-2009
Division Receipts for Transfer to General Fund:
Amount Returned Amount Transferred(1)
Form of Gaming Wagering Revenue to the Public in Prizes to the General Fund
Lottery $ 991,303,043 $ 604,712,211 $283,000,000 (2)
Foxwoods Casino $ 8,455,251,188 $ 7,687,048,732 $177,153,485 (3) (4)
Mohegan Sun Casino $ 9,471,655,862 $ 8,640,863,298 $200,651,400(3) (4)
Off-Track Betting $ 205,399,292 $ 157,514,754 $ 4,195,243
Charitable Games $ 41,084,565 $ 19,658,575 $ 1,063,435
Total from gaming: $19,164,693,950 $17,109,797,570 $666,063,563
Other receipts and reimbursements available for transfer:
Registration and permit fees (Charitable Games) $ 74,315
License and Registration fees (Pari-Mutuel & Lottery) $ 19,490
Miscellaneous $ 82,163
Total available for transfer to the General Fund $666,239,981
Other receipts not available for transfer:
Taxes received and paid to host municipalities (OTB & Charitable Games) $ 3,401,578
Refunds and Reimbursements (mainly lottery) $ 604,996
Receivables (Casinos) $ 4,840,575
Total agency receipts: $ 675,087,130
(1) Lottery and casino transfers to the General Fund are made directly by the entities themselves, and not by the Division of Special Revenue.
(2) Lottery Figures are preliminary and unaudited.
(3)Tribal Casino contributions (amount transferred to the General Fund) are calculated based upon 25% of slot machine win, which is wagering revenue less amounts returned to the public in prizes.
(4)Foxwoods did not include $59,588,516 of Free Play coupons and the Mohegan Sun did not include $28,186,965 of
E-Bonus credits redeemed by patrons at slot machines in its video facsimile devices Win amount; however, the value
of Free Play coupons and E-Bonus credits wagered was included in the Wagering Revenue. This affects only the
State’s revenue from video facsimiles, a matter that both sides agreed to allow a court to decide. Foxwoods and
Mohegan Sun have deposited the amount in dispute into an escrow account pending court’s decision.
Disbursements and Administrative Costs for the Division of Special Revenue 2008-2009
The net cost of administering the Division of Special Revenue for Fiscal 2009 was $10,670,265. This is inclusive of net general fund expenditures, net casino gaming expenditures and the capital equipment purchase fund. Total disbursements are $18,291,170 inclusive of the net cost of administering the Division of Special Revenue and net expenditures of the pending receipts and betting taxes funds.
Disbursement Amount Percent of Total
Net General Fund expenditures: $ 6,225,930 58.4%
Net casino gaming expenditures: $ 4,422,200 41.4%
Capital equipment purchase fund: $ 22,135 .2%
Administrative Costs for Division of Special Revenue 2008-2009
Personal Services / Payroll $ 4,820,775 77.4%
Data Processing Expenses (combined) $ 178,565 2.9%
Sealed Tickets (Purchase for Resale) $ 76,942 1.2%
Telephone & Utilities $ 247,491 4.0%
General repairs & maintenance (Building) $ 32,081 .5%
Office, maintenance, and misc. supplies $ 43,207 .7%
Rental of building (81 Alumni Rd.) $ 50,350 .8%
All other operating expenses $ 776,519 12.5%
Net General Fund Costs $ 6,225,930 100%
Casino Gaming $ 4,422,200
Capital Equipment Purchase Fund $ 22,135
Total Operating Costs: $ 10,670,265
Funds awaiting distribution $ 50,804
Betting Taxes(1) $ 7,570,101
Total Non-Operating Costs: $ 7,620,905
Net Total Costs: $ 18,291,170
(1) Transfers to General Fund and payments to host municipalities from Pari-Mutuel and OTB operations.
Connecticut Lottery Corporation
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2009
(Results are preliminary and unaudited)
Lottery Games Sales % of Total Net Prizes Amount Transferred to GF*
Play 3 Day & Night
Play 4 Day & Night $ 206,343,277 20.8% $ 104,479,679 $ 83,895,522
Classic Lotto $ 32,942,176 3.3% $ 17,260,197 $ 11,852,955
Cash 5 $ 40,419,912 4.1% $ 22,710,790 $ 13,741,750
Powerball $ 92,133,639 9.3% $ 43,702,841 $ 39,607,028
Lucky4Life(1) $ 9,451,502 1.0% $ 5,323,053 $ 2,858,674
Scratch (Instant) $ 610,012,537 61.5% $ 411,235,651 $ 131,044,071
Total $991,303,043 100.0% $ 604,712,211 $ 283,000,000
* Total General Fund Transfer is actual; transfer by game is based on a preliminary estimated allocation.
(1) Lucky4Life began April 2, 2009.
Pari-mutuel Wagering and Off-Track Betting 2008-2009
In compliance with Section 17a-713(b) of the Connecticut General Statutes, pari-mutuel and teletheater (a/k/a simulcast) performance fees totaling $170,300.00 were collected and deposited into the Chronic Gamblers Treatment and Rehabilitation Fund. Transfers to the General Fund totaled $4,195,242.81. Total fines of $9,050.00 were collected related to regulatory violations.
Off-Track Total Amount Amount Returned to General Grants to Host
Betting Facility Performances Wagered Public (Prizes) Fund Transfers Municipalities
Bridgeport 730 $33,092,403 $ 25,377,603 $ 675,906 $ 529,478
Bristol 670 $ 5,750,233 $ 4,409,687 $ 117,447 $ 92,004
East Haven 672 $ 4,579,790 $ 3,512,108 $ 93,541 $ 73,277
Hartford 677 $ 20,262,032 $ 15,538,364 $ 413,848 $ 324,192
Milford (1) N/A $ 635,867 $ 487,628 $ 12,988 $ 10,174
New Britain 677 $ 12,596,200 $ 9,659,660 $ 257,275 $ 201,539
New Haven, 730 $ 37,811,361 $ 28,996,435 $ 772,290 $ 604,982
Norwalk 625 $ 8,423,257 $ 6,459,551 $ 172,044 $ 134,772
Torrington 665 $ 4,134,406 $ 3,170,556 $ 84,445 $ 66,150
Waterbury 677 $ 12,512,915 $ 9,595,791 $ 255,574 $ 200,207
Windsor Locks, 729 $ 39,314,215 $ 30,148,930 $ 802,986 $ 730,338
Telephone Betting N/A $ 26,286,613 $ 20,158,441 $ 536,899 $ 420,586
Total 6,852 $205,399,292 $157,514,754 $4,195,243 $3,387,699
(1)Milford re-opened as non-simulcast on 3/31/09.
Charitable Games 2008-2009
A total of $74,315 was collected in registration/permit fees from all Charitable Games activities. The net profit to charitable organizations totaled $14,404,126 for all activities. Amounts wagered, prizes paid and amounts transferred to the General Fund are presented below:
Game Organizations Gross Wager Prizes Paid to General Fund
Bingo 285 (1) $19,562,905 $14,367,882 $ 246,780
Sealed Tickets 288 (1) $ 8,156,440 $ 5,290,693 $ 815,644
Raffles 978 (3) $ 12,971,562 N/A(2) N/A(2)
Bazaars 241(3) $ 393,658 N/A(2) $ 1,011
_________ _________ __________
Total 1,792 $ 41,084,565 $19,658,575 $ 1,063,435
(1) This reflects the number of permits issued during the fiscal year.
(2) Information not reported to the Division of Special Revenue.
(3) This reflects the actual number of reports received and verified during the fiscal year.
The Number of Gambling Events and Games
Fiscal Year 2008-2009
Event or Game Number
Lottery Drawings 2,060
Play 3 Day (formerly Mid-day 3) 365
Play 4 Day (formerly Mid-day 4) 365
Play 3 Night (formerly Play 3) 365
Play 4 Night (formerly Play 4) 365
Cash 5 365
Classic Lotto 105
Lucky4Life (began April 2, 2009) 26
New Instant Lottery Games launched 46
Instant Lottery Games with Settlements during Year 65
Off Track Betting
OTB Branch/Simulcast Race Days 364
OTB Non-Simulcast Branches 1
(Milford re-opened as non-simulcast on 3/31/09)
Simulcast Facilities 10
Telephone Betting Days 364
Simulcast Facility Performances 6,800
East Haven 667
New Britain 672
New Haven 724
Torrington (started simulcasting 12/31/08) 660
Windsor Locks 723
Sealed Ticket Games Offered 20
Casino Slot Machines (as of 6/30/09) 14,662
Foxwoods Casino - Slot Machines in Operation 8,018
Mohegan Sun Casino - Slot Machines in Operation 6,644
Gambling Regulation conducted 12,900 visits to lottery agents to insure compliance with the regulations and to insure that they know how to obtain certain reports off the system.
Reviewed and approved 126 OTB contracts with gaming entities for racing/gaming events.
Reviewed and approved 40 preliminary working papers and 42 executed working papers for lottery instant ticket games.
History of Governors and Executive Directors
Commission on Special Revenue/Division of Special Revenue
Thomas J. Meskill Joseph Burns 1971-1973
Thomas J. Meskill/ John T. Macdonald 1973-1976
Ella T. Grasso
Ella T. Grasso James M. Fitzgerald 1976-1979
Ella T. Grasso John G. Devine 1979-1980
Ella T. Grasso Harold Bassett 9/1980-12/1980
William A. O’Neill Alfred Oppenheimer 1980-1987
William A. O’Neill Orlando P. Ragazzi 1987-1989
William A. O’Neill William V. Hickey 1989-1991
Lowell P. Weicker Demetrios Louziotis 1991-1992
Lowell P. Weicker Robert W. Werner 1992-1993
Lowell P. Weicker/
John G. Rowland John B. Meskill 1993-1997
John G. Rowland George F. Wandrak 1997-1998
John G. Rowland Thomas Rotunda 1999-2001
John G. Rowland Susan G. Townsley 2001-2004
M. Jodi Rell Daniel Marchitello 2004-2004
(Acting Executive Director)
M. Jodi Rell Paul A. Young 2004-